Risk factors if JIA goes Unchecked

What Are The Risk Factors If JIA Inflammation Goes Unchecked?

If JIA inflammation goes unchecked, it can damage the lining that covers the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage), and the bones themselves. Controlling inflammation and managing disease can prevent damage and complications from these health effects. Here are some other ways JIA can affect the body:
  • Eyes

    Dryness, pain, redness, sensitivity to light and trouble seeing properly caused by uveitis (chronic eye inflammation). More common with Oligoarticular JIA.

  • Bones

    Chronic inflammation and use of corticosteroids may cause growth delay in some children with JIA. Bones may get thinner and break more easily (osteoporosis).

  • Mouth/Jaw

    Difficulty chewing, brushing or flossing. More than half of children with JIA have jaw involvement.

  • Neck

    Inflammation of the cervical spine can cause neck pain or stiffness. Swollen neck glands could also signal an infection for kids with SJIA or who take immunosuppressing drugs.

  • Ankles/feet

    Foot pain and difficulty walking. More common in polyarthritis and enthesitis-related arthritis.

  • Skin

    Symptoms can range from a faint salmon coloured rash (SJIA) to a red, scaly rash (psoriatic arthritis).

  • Lungs

    Inflammation and scarring that can lead to shortness of breath and lung disease. May occur in SJIA.

  • Heart

    Inflammation may cause damage to the heart muscle. May occur in SJIA.

  • Digestive Tract

    Abdominal pain and diarrhoea. More common in children with spine arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis.

  • Reproductive organs

    Late onset of puberty. Certain drugs such as cyclophosphamide may lead to fertility problems later.

  • Weight loss or gain

    Due to changes in appetite, jaw involvement or difficulty exercising. Being overweight puts extra stress on the joints.